Grace Freitas Oral History Interview

Dublin Core

Title

Grace Freitas Oral History Interview

Description

Oral History Interview with Grace Freitas, March 23, 1999.

Biographical Note:
Grace Freitas was born in Lawrence, MA on May 23, 1913. Her mother was Maria Mendonca, who was born on April 16, 1883 in the Azores. She left for the United States in 1898. Her father was Leno Espinola. Six weeks after Grace was born, her parents took her back to the Azores for one year, before returning back to Lawrence in 1914. Her parents split after their return. Since they were being raised by a single mother, Grace and her brother worked in the mills from a young age. She later married Joe Freitas.

Scope and Contents:
Interview conducted by Carole MacDougal Perkins, a grad student in the Department of Psychology at UMass Lowell; discussion included Grace's parents' immigration story; time working in the mills; tenement living; Portuguese cooking.

Publisher

UMass Lowell, Center for Lowell History

Date

1999-03-23

Contributor

Freitas, Grace Espinola

Rights

In Copyright - Educational Use Permitted: This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. In addition, no permission is required from the rights-holder(s) for educational uses. For other uses, you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).

Format

PDF

Language

Type

Text

Identifier

99-21

Coverage

Citation

Perkins, Carole MacDougal, “Grace Freitas Oral History Interview,” Portuguese American Digital Archives, accessed December 6, 2021, https://umlportuguesearchives.omeka.net/items/show/202.

Output Formats